Skin Care Medical
The skin is the largest organ of the body, needing special attention and care. A dermatologist is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases associated with the skin, hair and nails.
While certain diseases require medication, some may require treatment, namely:
• Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)
• Contact dermatitis
• Hyperhydrosis (excessive sweating)
• Nail fungal infection (Onychomycosis)
• Brown birthmarks (Nevus of Ota, Café Au Laite Macule)
• Red birthmarks (Port Wine Stain)
• Scars (superficial, pitted or raised)
• Cherry Angioma/ Spider Angioma (type of blood vessel)
• Venous Lake (blue blood vessel on lip)
• Blue veins (under eyes and on face)
With any skin condition/disease, it is important to seek immediate medical skin care with a dermatologist.
Common skin conditions
There are many forms of pigmented lesions and melasma is just one of them. However, it is probably the most common form, especially in young adult women who are on the contraceptive pill or pregnant. Hormones and sun exposure play a role in the formation of melasma. The correct diagnosis and treatment by a dermatologist is vital.
After the correct diagnosis, a dermatologist will prescribe topical cream to lighten the uneven skin tone and to block the formation of further pigmentation. Sun block must be applied two to three times daily, throughout the year (summer and winter).
Certain treatments such as superficial chemical peels, microneedling and specific laser devices can be used to in combination with homecare products. It is important not to treat melasma aggressively as this may cause further darkening of your skin.
In lighter skin (types I and II) melasma can disappear completely. In darker skin (types III to VI) melasma is a chronic condition that can be lightened only. In summer months, because of heat and more sun exposure, melasma may appear darker. Hence, the importance of using the prescribed topical cream and sun block on a daily basis.
Rosacea is a chronic disorder that presents as flushing/redness/broken facial veins and sensitivity of the skin.
The cause varies from person to person. However, most people experience extreme flushing/redness when exposed to extreme temperatures (hot or cold), spicy food/alcohol/exercise/ stress/ genetics.
It is more commonly found in lighter skins than darker skins.
Unfortunately, Rosacea is a chronic condition that can be managed and not cured.
After consultation with a dermatologist, you may be prescribed topical and oral medication, depending on the severity. Your dermatologist may suggest a treatment called Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) which is clinically proven to be one the most effective ways to manage rosacea. Other treatment options may include microneedling and light superficial chemical peels. It is important to assess your skin with each treatment to achieve optimal results.